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Cyberlaw in India is not a separate legal framework. Its a combination of Contract, Intellectual property, Data protection, and privacy laws. With the Computer and internet taking over every aspect of our life, there was a need for strong cyber law. Cyber laws supervise the digital circulation of information, software, information security, e-commerce, and monetary transactions.
The Information Technology Act, 2000 addresses the gamut of new-age crimes. Computer technology, mobile devices, software, and the internet are both medium and target of such crimes.
All Traditional criminal activities are such as theft, fraud, forgery, defamation, and mischief are part of cyberspace. These were addressed in the Indian Penal Code already.
Strong cyberlaw was needed to address:
Cyber laws in India or cybercrime law in India are important because of the prime reason that cybercrime act in India encompasses and covers all the aspects which occur on or with the internet - transactions, and activities which concern the internet and cyberspace.
"The Cyber Laws in India has paved the way for electronic commerce and electronic governance in the country by ensuring maximum connectivity and minimum cybersecurity risks. Also, enhancing the scope and expanding the use of digital mediums," says Advocate Krishnamohan K Menon.
Different types of cybercrimes have different punishments in India.
With an increase in the dependency on the use of technology, the need for cyberlaw was necessary. Much like every coin has two sides, therefore, the dependency on technology has its pros and cons. The rise of the 21st century marked the evolution of cyberlaw in India with the Information Technology Act, 2000 (popularly known as the IT Act). The first-ever cybercrime was recorded in the year 1820[pdf].
The objective of the Information Technology Act in India is as follows:
The Indian IT law updated the Reserve Bank of India Act and the Indian Evidence Act. With the evolution of cyberlaw, almost all online activities came under scrutiny. However, one thing about cyber law is that there are certain areas on which cybercrime laws in India do not apply such as:
In the present world which is more tech-savvy, the words cyber law and cyber crimes have also become more sophisticated. Internet and technology were launched for research purposes and making the lives of humans easy but as the use and number of people on the internet increased, the need for cyber laws in India was felt. As the nature of the internet is anonymous it is easy to commit cybercrimes. Thereby many could misuse this aspect largely.
Advocate Tanuj Aggarwal says, "With the exponential growth in the digital space, the establishment of certain reforms was highly needed for the security of the citizen’s privacy and data protection."
When the emphasis was on the need for cyber law or cybersecurity laws, then, it was imperative to implement an IT law in India. Thus, the Information Technology Act, 2000, or also known as the Indian Cyber Act or the Internet Law came to force in India. Since the enactment, the Indian Internet Laws were drafted to bring in view all the electronic records and online/electronic activities to legal recognition. The IT Act also addresses the important issues of security, which are critical to the success of electronic transactions. The Internet Laws in India not only validates digital signatures but also provides for how authentication of the documents, which has been accepted and generated by using the digital signatures, can be done.
As IT Act is a cybersecurity law introduced to secure cyberspace, the Information Technology Law was amended under;
The prime focus of cyber law in India is to prevent:
IT Act, 2000 went through amendmentsin the year 2008. These were made in light of the laws on cybercrime - IT Act, 2000 by way of the IT Act, 2008. They were enforced at the beginning of 2009 to strengthen the cybersecurity laws. Modifications in the Information Technology Act, 2008 included the change in the definition of some terms such as communication devices. The amendment for the definition of communication device was to include:
No doubt that the cybersecurity laws or cyber laws in India provide protection from cybercrime. However, prevention is always better than cure. Therefore, one should take the following steps for preventing a cybercrime:
What is Intellectual Property and how it is protected?
Intellectual Property is the set of intangibles that you thought of, like logos, designs, symbols, taglines, books, slogans, product names, literature or businesses, and is legally protected by you or your company against outside use without permission. There are several cyber laws for the ownership and the right distribution of the Intellectual Property like Copyright, Patents, Trademarks or Service Marks, Trade Secrets, Domain Disputes, Contracts, Privacy, Employment, Defamation, Data Retention, and Jurisdiction.
What are the advantages of Cyber Laws?
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With the use of technological solutions, we match the client’s requirements with cyber lawyers in India. Who informs you of the punishments applicable in accordance with the laws for cyber crimes in India.
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Over time, we have acquired a dedicated professional team that strives to do everything to help the client. From taking better-informed decisions by understanding his legal situation and requirement.
[PDF] Read about the first-ever cybercrime recorded in the year 1820.
 Information Technology ACT, 2002 - It is the law that deals with cybercrime and electronic commerce in India.
 Information Technology ACT, 2008 - The main Indian act that addresses legal challenges specifically as they relate to the Internet is the Information Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008