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Artificial Intelligence & Law: A Propitious Mixture

To ease the way of life, new technologies are innovated and incorporated regularly. Tech-savvy lawyers are shifting their attention towards AI expertise and legal tools for efficiently filtering and structuring legal assertions.
Written by:
Anil Bains
Published on

To ease the way we conduct our day to day activities, new technologies are innovated and incorporated into the routine. Artificial intelligence (AI) is one such innovation which has drastically impacted the functional ecosystem of society. AI is basically a machine that can actually think on its own. The cognitive ability of a machine to react is as surreal and groundbreaking in the application as it sounds.

Off late discussion on scope of artificial intelligence and whether artificial intelligence and law go together or not have increased. The nature of legal profession in India is such that the entire process is done manually and the senior advocates or the old generation lawyers are little reluctant towards the concept of artificial intelligence in law.

However, Tech-savvy lawyers are shifting their attention towards AI expertise and legal tools for efficiently filtering and structuring legal assertions. Extensive research has revealed that existing tools in the legal domain are incapable of coming up with its complex nature. The legal profession’s highly convoluted nature entails AI reasoning, learning and demonstration in negotiation, decision-making, data extraction, processing and retrieval process and e-commerce.


It has become important to know and understand what is the scope of artificial intelligence? Companies dealing in artificial intelligence law have been looking out ways to develop technology for providing better speed and accuracy in the legal profession. Various AI legal softwares are being developed so as to replace lawyers as far as drafting work is related. Artificial Intelligence in India is finding ways to support client and lawyers in the same way. It is time saving for both lawyers and client.

Practically, robots are unlikely to replace a lawyer’s role in court, but AI robots have the power to create and draft documents. Therefore, the clerical role of lawyers might be reduced to a large extent. Appearing and arguing a case before judges might be the only role lawyers play. However, there are positive signs that a combination of technological advance and market forces may push the law firms and make them step into the AI stage. Technology has the potential to race to the future at god-speed if given the right direction that will simultaneously increase productivity.

There has been a growing interest in the artificial intelligence in law and has been slowly transforming the legal industry in a way that artificial intelligence for law firm has paved way for less demand and expense on paralegal and law researchers. Also the tools or legal softwares developed through artificial intelligence help in drafting of various legal documents such as legal notice, will and contracts online in no time. Thus, it helps clients in saving the time for drafting simple contracts and help lawyers in focusing more on litigation work i.e., actual court work by saving their time otherwise spent on legal research and drafting work.

There are different ways in which artificial intelligence legal is being currently applied in the legal profession around the globe. In India the scope of artificial intelligence is still being recognised as it is in early stages in India. Following are the ways in which artificial intelligence in law is being used and proving to be advantageous for the law firms and lawyers respectively-

  • Help in carrying out activities such as legal research and due diligence by lawyers
  • Additional insights and shortcuts through analytics are also proving to be helpful
  • Creative automatic process for drafting contracts, petitions etc in the arena of legal writing.

It is believed that artificial intelligence has great scope for lawyers and combination of artificial intelligence and law will witness immense growth in the coming times and future. Currently, there are six major fields or arena in which artificial intelligence in law  is proving to be useful these are as follows:

  • Due Diligence - To review a contract, conduct legal research or performing electronic discovery functions to do a due diligence artificial intelligence legal softwares are proving to be helpful and time effective.
  • Prediction Technology - Artificial intelligence legal softwares also predicts the probable outcome of a pending case or the new case to be instituted before the court of law.
  • Legal Analytics - AI provides for the data points from past case laws, and also provides judgements and precedent law to be used by lawyers in their present cases.
  • Automation of Documentation- By just filling the required documents which you wish to incorporate in your legal document get your documents ready within minutes.
  • Intellectual Property -Tools of artificial intelligence helps in providing the insights into the IP portfolios.
  • Electronic Billing -  Artificial intelligence legal software helps the lawyer in preparing the invoices as per the work done by them. It makes for accurate adjustments of the work done by lawyer. Thus, helps both lawyers and clients.

IBM’s AI Ross manages many legal practices worldwide. Law firms have employed the software on a permanent basis to handle specific contracts and legal subjects. It is based on IBM’s Watson, which has the capability of gaining knowledge about humans by noticing their interactions, experiences and perceptions. The software has been fed with algorithms that allow it to interact cognitively with humans.

However, India’s stance on AI is relatively at an infant stage. India is gradually moving towards AI, however, there is still scope for advancement in application of AI in the Indian legal industry. Independently, privately as well as organisations run by government are researching and developing new techniques to ease the functioning of law.

The Artificial Intelligence Association of India(AIAI), founded in the year 2009, is one such not-for-profit organisation devoted to developments in AI. Indian industries are yet new to the concept of AI as compared to its western counterparts. There is a long way to go for the country to realize the full potential and impact that AI can have on increasing the efficiency of different fields including the legal industry.

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