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Compared to last century, today prostitution in India has flourished into a full-fledged multibillion-dollar industry alone in India, with around two hundred thousand brothels, millions of commercial sex workers and this all just for the sake of money.
For a long time, the base for client-age of prostitution in India use to be truck drivers, migrant workers, but as a growing trend, it seems to bring in clients from every section of society. Nowadays even men have found prostitution as an easy way to earn quick money
According to the Indian Penal Code, certain activities related to sex are not considered illegal per se and contradict laws that are in place. However, activities as enumerated below if found to be true, one is entitled to be punished in accordance with laws of the legal arena in place:
Now the situation is such that the activities mentioned above are very much real and exist alongside. So by outlawing them does the Indian legal system make prostitution illegal? Because in most cases, government officials tend to ignore this fact that illegal trafficking of women and children is the root cause of growing prostitution as a business.
The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 was brought into force in order to legalise and restrict the act of prostitution. According to the following laws, prostitutes can practise their trade privately but cannot showcase it in public:
Though these laws sound like this profession is illegal, if done in accordance with the laws stated, it seems to be partially legal as well.
From the ancient era of ‘dasi' system to the modern ‘Prostitute’ system, India has travelled a long way, not just in terms of how we perceive this profession of prostitution on morality grounds but also how we as a society in India have turned away from accepting prostitution as a profession. Today, many girls are kidnapped, tricked or some pick prostitution as a profession in India to raise money in order to support their families. In one of the survey, it was found that a third of all prostitutes in India re-enter this trade because of poverty and more than a fourth opts the profession of prostitution in India after marital problems.
Have you ever thought that what happened in due course of development of our Indian society that we as a society are hesitant to talk about sex or prostitution when our ancestors were so open to even display it as statues and worship it? So the real question remains, is prostitution legal in India?
The answer is yes! Prostitution is legal in India but only partially. Article 19 (g) of the Indian Constitution which gives the right to practice any profession to the citizens of the country, also allows anyone to practice this as a profession but unlike other professions it is not legal to practice it, and is governed by The Immoral Traffic (Suspension) Act, 1956 (SITA) and The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1986 (PITA).
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 The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 - The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2006 amends the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 to combat trafficking and sexual exploitation for commercial purposes.
 The Immoral Traffic (Suspension) Act - An Act to provide in pursuance of the International Convention signed at New York on the 9th day of May 1950, for the suppression of immoral traffic in women and girls.