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Corporate and Individual Taxation

Types of TDS Return Forms - Overview and Description

TDS or Tax Deducted at Source is a system for collecting the tax at the source of the income. The rules coordinating the way by which tax deducted at source is required and decided in India has been mentioned in the Income Tax Act, 1961. Read this blog to know the significance and applicability of TDS.
Written by:
Antim Amlan
Published on

The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) is responsible for managing the organisation of the TDS. TDS is moreover fitting to cash-related endeavours like Mutual Funds, winnings from lotteries, rent compensation, sway portion, lender, contract portions.

Table of Contents:

  1. Significance of TDS

  2. Applicability of TDS

  3. What is a TDS certificate?

  4. Conclusion

Significance of TDS

Collecting the TDS is very important for the Country. The Government gathers this TDS on professional so as to keep the income source stable for the legislature consistently and counteracts tax avoidance from fake people. Paying a colossal measure of tax every year turns into an issue for some taxpayers and consequently, the idea of TDS enables taxpayers "to pay as you earn". Advantages of the TDS in India are as follows:

  • Lessens the odds of Tax Evasion

  • Turns into a consistent wellspring of income for the legislature

  • Tax accumulation base is enlarged in light of the fact that pretty much every taxable substance pays TDS in some structure.

  • An advantageous framework as Tax get deducted naturally as opposed to making installments for documenting

The legislature has likewise started a mindfulness program to illuminate the overall public about the hugeness and mindfulness about TDS, with a crusade called ‘TDS Jagrukta’.

Applicability of TDS

Tax deduction from Salary:

On the Salary of the individual, the business deducts TDS on the all-out income of the individual; including income other than his pay in the wake of considering all findings and exemptions.TDS rate on Salary Income is material for an individual income and conclusions of his all-out income.

Businesses of your organization are qualified to deduct the tax on the pay at the recommended rates (for the most part 15%) with the accompanying conditions :

  • Exemption Limit: There is an edge cutoff of ₹ 2,50,000 every year for Tax to be deducted at source from the pay. On the off chance that the yearly pay is beneath this figure, no findings will be made for the sake of TDS from the pay.

  • Exempt Allowances: In request to figure the all-out income that is taxable under the guidelines of TDS, the stipends issued to the workers, for example, LTC, HRA, Conveyance, Travel exemptions and so forth must be subtracted to touch base at the absolute taxable pay.

  • Miscellaneous Deduction : In request to figure the aggregate sum of TDS that will be deducted from the compensation different findings, for example, conclusions under 80C, 80CCC, 80 CCD, 80 CCG, 80D, 80 DD and so on ought to be mulled over too.

Interest income:

TDS is deducted by banks on FDs and RDs if the premium surpasses Rs 10,000 per year. TDS does not end tax risk. Somebody in a higher tax chunk should make good on extra regulatory expense. TDS rate on Interest Income is 10% of the income of the individual if PAN is presented by the person to the bank, generally 20% of his income.

EPF withdrawals:

EPF implies Employee Provident Fund and on the off chance that any representative pulls back before five years of administration, at that point TDS ought to be deducted. Nonetheless, there’s no TDS on EPF deducted on withdrawals of not as much as Rs 50,000. Earlier breaking point was Rs.30,000. After 5 yrs, no TDS will deduct on EPF withdrawals.

TDS rate is 10% of the withdrawal if PAN has been given. Else, it is 30% of the measure of the worker.

What is a TDS certificate?

The Income Tax(IT) Act, 1961 and IT Rules (1962) administer the instalment of personal tax by all salary-gaining people, organisations, associations, affiliations and trusts all things considered. Segment 203 orders that the business will deduct tax at source and issue declarations in the Forms 16 and 16A to the deductees as a proof of the equivalent. Structure 16, Form 16A, Form 16 B and Form 16 C are all TDS declarations. TDS authentication must be issued by an individual deducting TDS to the assessee from whose salary TDS was deducted while making instalment.

Form 16:

  • This Form 16 is a certificate, where the business is ensuring insights about the compensation you have earned during the year and the amount TDS has been deducted. It has two sections, Part A and Part B.

  • Section A has data of the business and worker, similar to name and address, PAN and TAN subtleties, time of business, subtleties of TDS deducted and stored with the legislature. Part B incorporates details of the salary that you have paid, other deductions which are allowed, other income and tax payable.

Advantage of Form 16:

  • Form 16 is your compensation TDS declaration. The principle advantage is that, if your pay from pay for the monetary year is more than the fundamental exception point of confinement of Rs 2,50,000 your boss is required by the Income Tax Act to deduct TDS on your pay and store it with the legislature. In the event that you have likewise unveiled your salary from different heads to your manager, he will consider your all out pay for TDS finding.

  • On the off chance that your salary is underneath the fundamental exception limit, your boss won't deduct any TDS and may not issue you this structure. On the off chance that you have worked with more than one business during the year, you will have more than one Form 16.

Disadvantage of Form 16:

  • The present format allows companies to give consolidated figures or break-up in different formats for both these, thereby creating ambiguity and confusion regarding their individual composition in the Business. Although a new format has been notified by the CBDT which will take place soon.

Form 16A: (Certificate under section 203 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 for tax deducted at source):

  • Form 16A is likewise a TDS Certificate, while Form 16 is just for salary income. Form 16A is material for TDS on Income Other than Salary. For instance – a Form 16A will be issued to you when a bank deducts TDS on your advantage salary from fixed stores, for TDS deducted on protection commission, for TDS deducted on your lease receipts. Actually, when TDS is deducted on some other pay you get that is subject for such reasoning.

  • This authentication additionally has subtleties of the name and address of deductor/deductee, PAN/TAN subtleties, challan subtleties of TDS kept. It likewise has subtleties of pay you have earned and the TDS deducted and saved on such salary.

Advantage of Form 16 A:

  • All subtleties that are there in Form 16A are accessible on Form 26AS. This can be utilized to document your arrival. In any case, the equivalent isn't if there should be an occurrence of Form 16. Subtleties of Form 16 that are accessible in Form 26AS is just TDS deducted by the business.

  • Both the forms are significant and are required to enable you to document your arrival easily. You can likewise confirm the pay subtleties and the amount TDS has been deducted and at what rates.

Form 16 B:

  • Form 16B is a TDS declaration for TDS deducted on the closeout of property and mirrors that the TDS sum deducted on Property by the Buyer has been saved with the Income Tax Department. The purchaser is required to deduct 1% TDS on Property from the sum he needs to pay the dealer at the season of the closeout of steady property.

  • The purchaser is later required to present the TDS with the Income Tax Department and give Form 16B to the dealer of the property. Form 16B is proof that the TDS deducted on the clearance of the property has been saved with the Government.

  • Form 16B ensures that the tax has been deducted at source on the salary earned from the clearance of resolute property (building or a piece of it/land) other than farming area, and the TDS has been kept by the property purchaser with the Income Tax office.

  • As per the rules set somewhere near the Government of India, any individual who buys property from an inhabitant transferor needs to deduct tax at source on any cash or thought paid. TDS is deducted from all resolute property buys in India. Ardent property is the property including land or any structure that does exclude horticultural terrains.

  • While managers and budgetary establishments require a TAN before they can deduct/gather TDS, occupants and property purchasers don't require a TAN and can just outfit their PAN subtleties while storing the TDS with the legislature.

  • With regards to documenting your profits, it is anything but difficult to get befuddled between Form 16, Form 16A and Form 16B. You may likewise have heard that Form 16 has two sections – Part A and Part B. These two pieces of Form 16 notwithstanding are not quite the same as Form 16A and Form 16B. It is imperative to recall these distinctions when recording your profits, with the goal that you don't confront any issues.

Top Read: Offences for Non-Payment of TDS/TCS

Form 24Q

  • It is utilized for planning e-TDS returns or file TDS returns for the TDS deducted on pay under Section 192 of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

  • It must be submitted on a quarterly premise by the deductors.

  • It contains subtleties like pay rates paid and the TDS deducted of the representatives by the business.

  • It contains 2 annexure in particular Annexure-I and Annexure II. Annexure-I contains subtleties of the deductor, deductees and challans, while Annexure II contains the compensation subtleties of the deductees.

  • Annexure-I is to be put together by the deductors for all the four fourth of the budgetary year.

  • Annexure II need not be submitted in the initial seventy five percent of the monetary year, yet must be outfitted and submitted in the final quarter of the budgetary year with subtleties of the representatives' compensations of the whole money related year.

Advantages of form 24Q

  • Convenience in loan approval

  • Refund of excess taxes paid

  • Avoid paying interest and penalties, embarrassments.

Disadvantages of Form 24 Q

  • Interest on due amount of Tax under Sections 234A

  • Tax Refund without any interest from IT Department

Form 26Q

  • It is to be submitted for tax conclusion at hotspot for every one of the instalments got other than the pay.

  • It is submitted on a quarterly premise by the deductors and is appropriate for tax deducted at source under Sec 200(3), 193 and 194 of the Income Tax Act of 1961.

  • The salary on which the tax is deducted at source incorporates enthusiasm on securities, profit securities, proficient expenses, executives' compensation, and so on.

  • It is obligatory to outfit PAN by the deductors who are non-government deductors. For government deductors "PANNOTREQD" must be referenced on the structure.

Form 27Q

  • It is a system for instalments made to non-inhabitant Indians and outsiders other than pay.

  • It must be filled in for the assertion of Tax Deducted at hotspot for the NRIs and Foreigners.

  • It is submitted on a quarterly premise by the deductors and is appropriate for tax deducted at source under Sec 200(3) of the Income Tax Act of 1961.

  • The pay on which the tax is deducted at source incorporates intrigue, reward, any extra salary or some other entirety owed to non-inhabitant Indian or outsider.

  • It is obligatory for non-government deductors to outfit PAN. For government deductors the code "PANNOTREQD" has to be referenced on the structure.

Form 27EQ

  • It is a quarterly statement that outfits the information and data of the tax gathered at source according to Sec. 206C of the Income Tax Act of 1961.

  • It is the announcement to demonstrate the Tax Collected at Source (TCS), which is the tax gathered by the dealer. At the point when a purchaser buys certain merchandise or wares, the dealer gathers the tax from the purchaser through the TCS course.

  • It is to be outfitted by corporate deductors and gatherers yet not by government deductors and authorities. It is obligatory to outfit PAN by the deductors who are non-government deductors. For government deductors, the code "PANNOTREQD" must be referenced on the structure.

Advantages of form 27EQ

  • The form 27EQ is submitted on a quarterly basis. In this form it is mandatory to furnish TAN.

  • This tax is collected on the payment received from the buyer in cash, credit, cheque, demand draft or from any other mode of payment.


TDS certificates are issued by the people in charge of deducting tax at source. At the point when TDS is deducted it's essential to issue TDS authentication with the goal that the payee knows how much tax he has paid. Numerous foundations and people may not issue TDS testaments, except if you request the equivalent. So, it's significant that you request the TDS declaration, so you realise precisely how much tax has just been paid and kept with the legislature.


Written by: Namrata Langade