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The person who is issuing the Power of Attorney is referred to as 'the Principal', whereas to whom the Principal is issuing it, is the Attorney. Through the power of attorney, the Principal authorises the Attorney to do all acts (carry out all the necessary steps), or appear and sign on all relevant documents on behalf of the Principal.
If due to some reason any person is unable to do any particular act, or appear before the Court, any other authority, or to execute any particular document, then he/she can issue Power of Attorney.
In India, if the attorney after the execution of a Power of attorney does anything against the terms of it, then a legal notice for cancellation of power of attorney can be sent to him by the principal. The principal before taking any other action must send a legal notice for revocation of power of attorney.
You can consult a lawyer who is prudent and up to date on the subject matter, civil laws and have experiences in handling civil cases can give you the format of legal notice for cancellation of power of attorney in India. You can find a good civil advocate easily through MyAdvo. Not only that you may also find out the sample of standard legal notice for revocation of power of attorney form in pdf or other formats here.
Legal notice for cancellation of power of attorney must contain these essential points:
Name, description, and place of residence the person or persons
Name, description, and place of residence of the sender of the notice
Details of the cause of action
The detailed description of the incident which raised the cause of action
The specific time for revoking the power of attorney
When does the principal send a legal notice for cancellation of power of attorney?
The scenarios include when:
The attorney does anything contrary to the terms and conditions of the Power of Attorney
The work or business is complete for which the power of attorney exists
If the principal himself/herself completes the work
With the help of an advocate, you can draft and send the legal notice for cancellation of power of attorney. You can find one easily through MyAdvo! Not only that but you can also find out legal notice format for revocation of power of attorney here.
Issuing a Power of attorney is a vital legal document by a person to a third party. It gives one the right to act, appear and sign on all relevant documents on behalf of him/her, if:
He/she is unable to do any particular act, or
Appear before the Court/any other authority, or
To execute any particular document
A power of attorney can be either registered or unregistered. Both the powers of attorney are different in nature. Even the procedure of revocation for this power of attorney is different.
Registered Power of Attorney: When a power of attorney has signatures before the registering authority i.e. the Additional District Sub-Registrar or the District Sub-registrar. The office of the Registrar records it as a registered power of attorney.
At the time of the revocation of a registered power of attorney, one needs to draft a Deed of revocation of power of attorney. This has to be registered in the Registry office.
Unregistered Power of Attorney: It's the power of attorney which is not registered before the Registry Office and only signed by the parties or notarized by a Notary public.
A Power of attorney can be of two types in respect to its nature.
The general power of attorney: If the principal through a power of attorney authorizes the attorney to do all the needful in respect of any work then that power of attorney is a general power of attorney.
Special power of attorney: If the principal through a power of attorney authorizes the attorney only a few specific powers that are there in the power of attorney then it’s a special power of attorney.
A Power of attorney can also be classified in another two types in respect of Revocation.
Revocable Power of Attorney: If the power of attorney is revocable at any time after execution in accordance with the will of the principal.
Irrevocable Power of Attorney: If there is a clause in the power of attorney stating that it is irrevocable in nature.
It is pertinent to mention here that a power of attorney will not be treated as an irrevocable one merely because the clause of irrevocability is mentioned in the deed of power of attorney. To revoke an irrevocable power of attorney, one can issue a public notice through newspaper publication. If one does not issue a public notice, then the revocation of an irrevocable power of attorney is invalid.
One needs to note the following cases when the Principal cannot revoke the power of attorney such as:
When the attorney has some right and interest over the subject matter. For that, the power of attorney, the principal cannot revoke the power of attorney. In this case, the consent of the attorney is mandatory for revocation.
In case the attorney partly exercises his duty in accordance with the clauses of the power of attorney. Then there is no deprivation of the right of the act which he performs.
To revoke a Power of Attorney by the Principal these are the following three cases when:
The attorney does anything contrary to the terms and clauses of the Power of Attorney then the principal can revoke the power of attorney after giving prior legal notice for cancellation of power of attorney.
The due completion of work or business for which there is a power of attorney.
The issuance of the power of attorney ends when the principal himself/herself completes the business. Then it becomes unnecessary to keep the power of attorney and the Principal can revoke the power of attorney.
Relevant Statutes dealing with Revocation of Power of Attorney
Usually, by signing a Deed of Revocation of Power of Attorney, one can revoke it. However, if the power of attorney is irrevocable in nature, then to revoke it, the Principal must give a public notice. Either through two national and regional esteemed daily newspapers. After which, the principal should approach the Court of law to terminate such Power of Attorney.
It is mandatory at the time of execution of his/her duty, the attorney is a guaranteer by the Principal. However, if the attorney doesn’t act lawfully or in good faith, or does such work attracting criminal punishment. Then the Principal is not liable to secure the Attorney.
Legal notice for cancellation of power of attorney can be sent by the principal when:
In case the Power of Attorney is given by more than one Principal then, a single Principal cannot revoke it. To revoke that Power of Attorney, it requires signatures of all the Principals. On the other hand, if the execution of the Power of attorney is to several executors by the Principal. Then it is revocable by individual Principals.
In case of issuing of Power of Attorney to more than one Attorney. If one attorney withdraws themselves from their duty/dies, then the Attorney can't continue with the Power of Attorney. However, if the execution right is available jointly and severally, then the remaining attorneys can continue performing their duties.
A company/firm gives Power of Attorney to a person. The dissolution of that company or firm is a way to revoke the power of attorney automatically.
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1. The Indian Contract Act, 1872 - A detailed view of The Indian Contract Act, 1872.
2. The Power of Attorney Act, 1882 - A sitemap to The Power of Attorney Act, 1882.
Why does one require an attorney?
Granting POA to someone you trust comes in handy when you are unavailable or unable to act on your own and you need someone to act on your behalf. Whether you're a service person away from home or a retiree or dependent experiencing medical limitations, these are some of the common reasons to grant POA.
Can power of attorney be revoked?
Yes. The court can revoke power of attorney if it is proved that the agent is abusing his/her position contrary to the interests of the principal. It then passes the power on to a guardian. Revocation helps reduce risks of granting power to someone who can obligate you to deaths or purchases, you can't afford. When an agent acts on your behalf, you will be the one responsible to pay the bills.
Does power of attorney continue after death of the principal?
No. Power of attorney gets nullified after the death of the principal. However, family members can assign power of attorney to the attorney if they wish to.
What happens when POA disagrees with his principal?
POA is in charge of making decisions for his principal. But if there comes a time when the principal disagrees with the decision of his attorney, then the case is taken to court to come to a fair conclusion.
Which type of POA comes with the highest risk and which type comes with the lowest risk?
A Non-Springing General Durable POA is the broadest and riskiest POA available because it comes into effect immediately after signing it and has virtually no limitations. A Special POA is least risky because they limit the powers you grant your agent and they automatically expire after one year.