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When one talks about domestic violence, it is a systematic method to instill fear and subservience in an individual in a domestic setting like a household. The intent behind this violence can range from the compulsion to maintain the power structure of an individual over the other or to instil/coerce another individual for self-gratification purposes. Domestic Violence in India typically means violence suffered by an individual at the hands of their biological relatives but specifically covers the violence suffered by women from the male members or relatives in her family.
Domestic violence has been defined by the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005. Prior to the Domestic Violence Act, the law governing cases of domestic violence in India were governed by Section 498-A of the IPC. There are two shortcomings of Section 498-A. First being the absence of any provision providing relief or compensation for the victim under this provision. Secondly, section 498-A was applicable only to married women. To overcome these defects the domestic violence Act, 2005 was enacted by the Centre. The reliefs provided by the Domestic Violence Act include shelter, medical facilities, protection order, compensation order, etc.
According to the domestic violence Act, Domestic Violence means harming or injuring a woman in a domestic relationship. It includes physical, sexual, verbal, emotional, and economic abuse within its ambit. The abuse under the Domestic Violence Act includes not only actual abuse but also the threat of abuse. Any harassment resulting from unlawful dowry demands to the woman or her relatives is also covered by the definition under the Domestic Violence Act. The Domestic Violence Act primarily protects wives or female live-in partners from domestic violence at the hands of the husband or male live-in partner including his relatives. Section 2(a) of the DOMESTIC violence Act(1) defines “aggrieved person” as any woman who is, or has been, in a domestic relationship with the perpetrator and who alleges to have been subjected to any act of domestic violence. The Domestic Violence Act not only covers those women who are or have been in a relationship with the abuser but it also covers those women who have lived together in a shared household and are related by consanguinity, marriage or through a relationship in the nature of marriage or adoption including mothers, sisters or widows.Types of Domestic Violence against women
The types of domestic violence against women range from physical, sexual, verbal and emotional abuse to economic abuse.
There is no uniform or single reason that leads to domestic violence. It is a combination of various sociological/behavioral, historical, religious, and cultural factors that lead to perpetration of domestic violence against women.
Anyone who is a victim of domestic violence can just ask for legal advice from us online. We guarantee you the best legal solutions to all your queries.What sets out Domestic Violence from other forms of violence?
Formation of a pattern of abuse is the characteristic feature of domestic violence. There remains a constant need and a constant effort to maintain power and control over the other, leading to a systematic pattern of power and control perpetrated by one intimate partner against another. In contrast, situational violence occurs when both the partners confront conflict with violence against each other and is specific to a particular situation. Situational violence occurs less frequently than domestic violence. Unlike situational violence, domestic violence happens frequently and has a tendency to result in long-term physical, emotional and psychological harm or even worse, death.Does verbal abuse amount to Domestic Violence?
When people hear about domestic violence, they usually tend to limit it to physical violence- especially in the sense of what remains visible. The idea of verbal abuse doesn’t often come up. This leads to normalisation of the impact of verbal abuse. However, domestic violence usually starts with a verbal form of abuse before becoming a full blown pattern of violence. Section 3 of the Domestic Violence Act includes verbal violence as a form of domestic violence. This makes verbal abuse a legally recognizable mode of perpetrating domestic violence against women. Verbal Abuse affects one’s sense of self worth and spirit leading to self doubt. Any attack on self worth further results in psychological trauma and depression.Can a man lodge a case for Domestic Violence?
The Domestic Violence Act, 2005 makes no provision for men to lodge cases of domestic violence against women owing largely to the fact that The Domestic Violence Act is primarily welfare legislation. Although, an aggrieved man can file for Judicial Separation/Divorce on the ground of Cruelty, i.e., Section 13(1)(ia) of the Hindu Marriage Act(2).
Indian domestic violence laws are silent on the protection required to men from domestic violence. However, the Supreme Court of India has recognised the need for protection to men from acts of domestic violence in Narayan Ganesh Dastane V. Sucheta Narayan Dastane and more recently in Hiral P Harsora vs Kusum Narottamdas Harsora. In the former case, the Apex Court for the first time recognized cruelty against men. Cruelty and violence against men should be recognized by law in clear words for gender neutral society. Additionally, with the decriminalisation of homosexuality in India, it becomes pertinent that the domestic violence advocacy of men’s right for protection from domestic violence gains traction.What acts constitute violence against men?
Violence against men is not considered serious because of its different manifestation. In most cases of violence against men, more mental, verbal, and emotional violence occurs as compared to physical violence. The impact of violence against men is less apparent and is less likely to come to the attention of others. In some cases, humiliating a man emotionally can be more devastating than physical abuse. Unkind and cruel words hurt in different ways and linger in different ways. In most cases, men are more deeply affected by emotional abuse than physical abuse.Consequences of Domestic Violence against women
Domestic Violence against women can cause long term and short term physical and mental harm. The domestic violence against women also affects the children in the family causing long-lasting impressions on a child’s vulnerable memory.
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 Section 2(a) of the Domestic Violence Act - In this Act, the "aggrieved person" means any woman who is, or has been, in a domestic relationship with the respondent and who alleges to have been subjected to any act of domestic violence by the respondent.  Section 13(1)(ia) of The Hindu Marriage Act - States that any marriage solemnized, whether before or after the commencement of the Act, may, on a petition presented by either the husband or the wife, be dissolved by a decree of divorce on the ground that the other party.