Concrete Structure to the Real Estate Industry:-
The real estate regulation and development act 2016 has passed its due process of approval in the
Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and also the final phase of the president approval. The act proposes to
establish state level authorities known as the Real Estate Regulatory Authorities (RERAs) to monitor
the business activity of promoters, builders and other stakeholders in the real estate industry.
This move will not only regulate the real estate sector by giving it the necessary structure, but it will
also make every stakeholder accountable for their duties and responsibilities. It is the responsibility
of the state government to set up a RERA within the state. In addition, a district level municipal
authority can also take up legal cases against the developer for delay in possession or other
unscrupulous activity. The district level authorities will enjoy the same power as that of a civil court.
Steps of grievance redressal for delayed possession under the act:-
Speedy redressal process:
One of the strongest steps undertaken by the government under the Real Estate Regulation and
Development Act 2016 is the empowerment of the municipal and district level authorities, by giving
them the power to pursue legal cases and probe enquiry into the cases of prima-facie guilty parties.
According to the act, the district level authorities will have the same power as the civil court in all
consumer grievance cases related to the real estate industry.
Digitisation of land:
The land and the property construction plans, and the statutory documents such as the various
permits issued by local authorities are required to be under the purview of the Real Estate
Regulatory Authority (RERA). In other words, the construction activity cannot begin unless the land,
entire project plan and history of previous projects including delay in possession or payments is
made available in the public domain. This will be possible due to the digitization of all agreements.
Insurance for ownership status:
The ownership name of the property buyer will not only be digitized for maintaining its legal status
but it will also be insured by an insurance company. This will be done to avoid any legal hassles that
may be caused due to denial of the property developer regarding the partial or complete buyer-side
ownership of the property or land.
Equal responsibility of all stakeholders:
According to the act, all stakeholders will be equally responsible to make the construction
agreement a legally binding contract. It will be mandatory for all stakeholders including architects,
project engineers and other parties to see to it that 70% deposit of buyer’s money is maintained only
for the cost of construction and other relevant costs.
Builder-side liability to pay compensation and fines:
This act introduces liability by way of punishment of imprisonment and fine or both, applicable to
the land developer and property builder for delay in property possession. Any advertising of
property done by the builder before registration of the land will also make the construction
company liable to pay damages, if such advertisement misrepresents the actual facilities offered to
Legally binding obligation of Property Developer:
According to the new act, the property buyer will be protected by a highly proactive legal system
against all frauds, unscrupulous charges, misguiding claims and delays caused by the property
Safety of Buyers Money – One of the high priorities of the Real Estate Bill:-
One of the major clauses laid down by the act is that the construction company will have to deposit
70% of the money received by the property buyer in an escrow account. This deposit amount will
serve as an insurance against the transfer of money to initiate another project or for any other
purpose. This clause supports the fact that the money received by the developer should be used only
for construction related expenses. The real estate regulation and development act will eliminate the
possibility of undue expenditure undertaken by construction companies to make up for construction
losses or to meet expenses in other projects.
Regulation protects property buyer from unscrupulous advertising:-
The act will prove to be a relief to both commercial and residential property buyers. This legislation
will serve as a powerful instrument in ensuring the comprehensive protection of the buyers as well
as the sellers’ interest in every transaction whether small or big. The developers also levied extra
charges by way of including the super built-up area (corridors, lift and stair-case) in the carpet area
(area of flat-bedrooms, kitchen, toilets and hall space) and showing it as the total area of the
property. Due to this unscrupulous practice, many property buyers had to face the burden of buying
highly expensive properties.
Now, with the introduction of the new and upgraded act, this unscrupulous activity will be hauled
for the betterment of buyer. It means that the property seller will no longer be allowed to show the
total saleable area of the flat as: super built-up + carpet; it will always be carpet area only. The
regulation may seem to be making the real estate industry too rigid or too strict; however, this
legislation could bring about an ideal business scenario for both genuine property sellers and
Introduction of Developer-side interest payment and punishment by law for delayed
possession In the past, only the property buyer was liable to incur additional interest expenditure for any delay
caused in payment of installment against property price. The act introduces seller-side interest
payment for delayed possession. However, the act does not specify the duration of the delay after which the property developer becomes liable to pay the fine. In addition to the fine, the developer
can also become liable to face a punishment of up to 3 years of imprisonment, that is, if found guilty
in a delay of possession case.
In earlier times, the delayed interest payment or fine was also applied to other type of expenses
such as Registration and Parking fee. Now, there will not be much room for additional fines because
the developer is expected to register the property within 3 months of the construction start date.
This eliminates the possibility of delay in registration of property and delayed possession to a great
According to some of the established and reputed construction companies, one of the important
aspects that cause delay are not specified by this act. This aspect includes delay caused due to long
duration approval process of municipality and other administrative authorities. These bureaucratic
manipulations which cause the corruption within the administrative authorities should also become
subject to a thorough review under the act.